Periodontal Disease De-Mystified

Everyone’s mouth is full of germs, bacteria and left-over food particles. Yes, everyone.
And those things can cause bad breath and combine to create a filmy paste over your teeth…plaque…the number one cause of tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontal disease.

Brushing and flossing regularly can help get rid of plaque, but plaque that is not removed can form tartar which can only be removed by a dentist or a hygienist.
The longer plaque and tartar remain on your teeth, the more harmful they become.

What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease


Periodontal disease ranges from simple gum inflammation to a serious condition that results in major damage to the bone and soft tissue that support the teeth. Sometimes teeth are lost.

  • Plaque, bacteria and tartar can cause gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums.
    Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and does not include any loss of bone or tissue. It is easily treated and can usually be reversed with good dental habits. Signs to look for are gums that bleed easily and are tender, swollen and red.
  • If gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to periodontitis, inflammation around the gums and teeth.
    Periodontitis causes gums to pull away from the teeth. Small pockets then form at the gum line that may become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque grows, but this natural response to infection starts to break down the connective tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place. If left untreated, bone, tissue and gums are destroyed.

Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of periodontal disease, however, the earlier it is caught, the easier periodontal disease is to treat. Here are some symptoms to be aware of:

  • Bleeding, swollen, red and recessed gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • A chronic bad taste in your mouth

Are you concerned about your dental health or think you may have periodontal disease?
Call Morris County Dental to book a consultation appointment and get back on track to healthier teeth and a happier smile: 973-328-1225.

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